Open Conference Systems, 11th DATTArc-ICTE-TENZ-ITEEA 2022

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Proposal and effects of problem-solving lessons using autonomous robots
Nurul Ain Shalihah Binti Ismail, Yuichi Hasuda, Muhammad Syahir Bin Abdul Ramad

Building: BUILDING C
Room: Breakout Room C615 ♥︎
Date: 2022-12-08 11:05 AM – 11:40 AM
Last modified: 2023-01-19


It is estimated that there will be a shortage of up to about 800,000 human resources for IT engineers in Japan by 2030. Similarly, the shortage of engineers also has been reported in European countries, such as the United States and the United Kingdom. In addition, not only in IT but job market growth in the mechanical, robotics and electronics industries is also expected worldwide. It is expected for about 10.5% growth in STEM occupations in the United States, with approximately 6% growth in engineering occupations and 13% growth for computer and information technology occupations by 2030. The robotics industry in China is also projected to grow by an average of 20% by 2025, which is the demand for robotics engineers could be expected to grow in China. From this, the importance of securing IT human resources becomes clearer. As one of the measures to cultivate IT talent among young people, particularly in Japan, each school type is required to develop qualities and abilities that form the basis of programming thinking through programming education. Therefore, in this research, we planned and implemented problem-solving lessons focusing on designing, manufacturing, and programming of assembly and disassembly type robots in the Department of Electronics and Information at the university. In class, students collaborate to create autonomous robots that enrich people’s lives and use Scratch-based programming to move the robots. Through this class, students will acquire “abilities to take action”, “analytical skills” and “teamwork skills”, as well as gaining communication skills, presentation skills and group discussion experiences. From the results of the questionnaire conducted in class, it was observed that there were educational effects such as increasing students’ interest in robots and fostering students' programming thinking through robot production.


Autonomous robot; problem-solving lessons; programming education; skills improvement; educational effects

Open access for this conference will begin on 2023-12-12.